State of Nevada

Admitted to statehood on October 31, 1864, during the waning days of the Civil War, Nevada is known as the Silver State, the Sagebrush State, or the Battle Born State. Its state motto is "All for our Country."

Nevada's first settlement was in 1851 near the current state capital of Carson City, and Carson County was officially established as part of the Utah Territory in 1854. The state name, Nevada, was officially adopted in 1861 by Congress and derives from a Spanish term meaning snow-capped, for the beautiful snow-capped Sierra Nevada mountains, which border our state capital to the west and are home to pristine Lake Tahoe.

Nevada is 483 miles long and 320 miles wide. With 110,540 square miles of land, Nevada is the seventh largest state in the nation. The 2010 census lists Nevada's population as 2,700,551.

Nevada's geography ranges from southwest, arid desert conditions in the southern part of the state to high desert, mountains, and alpine lakes in the northern area. For more information about Nevada, visit the official web site.

Animal

The desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni) was designated the official state animal of Nevada in 1973.

Artifact

Nevada designated the tule duck decoy as the official state artifact in 1995.

Bird

Nevada designated the mountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides) as the official state bird in 1967.

Colors

Nevada designated silver and blue as the official state colors in 1983.

Fish

Nevada designated the Lahontan cutthroat trout as the official state fish in 1981.

Flower

Nevada designated sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) as the official state flower in 1917.

Fossil

Nevada designated Ichthyosaur (genus Shonisaurus) as the official state fossil in 1977.

Grass

Nevada designated Indian rice grass as the official state grass. - adopted 1977

Insect

Vivid Dancer Damselfly - adopted 2009

Locomotive

Nevada Northern Railway Engine Number 40 - adopted 2009

March

"Silver State Fanfare" composed by Gerald Willis - adopted 2001

Metal

Nevada designated silver as the official state metal in 1977. Silver was one of the most important minerals of Nevada's early mining days - in fact, Nevada's nickname is The Silver State.

Precious Gemstone

Nevada designated Virgin Valley black fire opal as the official state precious gemstone in 1987.

Semi-precious Gemstone

Nevada turquoise was recognized as the official state semi-precious gemstone in 1987.

Reptile

Nevada designated the desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) as official state reptile in 1989.

Rock

Nevada designated sandstone as the official state rock in 1987, a result of the efforts of children from Gene Ward Elementary School in Las Vegas.

Song

"Home Means Nevada," written by Mrs. Bertha Rafetto - adopted 1933

Tree

Nevada designated bristlecone pine (Pinus arisrata) as an official state tree in 1987.

Flag

Nevada became the 36th state to enter the union in 1864, and the phrase "Battle Born" on the state flag reflects the state's entry on the Union side during the American Civil War.

Seal

Nevada's state seal is rich with symbols. Mineral resources are represented by a silver miner and his team moving a carload of ore from a mountain on the left.